Avoidance and divestment are important tactics but they are not the be-all and end-all for ethical investors. Many ethical investors now want to put their money into things they believe in, rather than just avoiding those that they object to. Read on about positive screening.
At the same time, ethical investors are keener to call for change from companies in which they own shares. They are also challenging churches and pension funds about where they put their money. Read more on shareholder activism and engagement.